Overview of Vaginal Yeast Infections
Vaginal yeast infections are caused by an overgrowth of a fungus, usually Candida Albicans. This organism is normally found in small quantities in the vagina, the mouth, digestive tract and skin. In normal amounts it does not cause a problem. When there is an overgrowth of yeast it can cause an inflammation of the vaginal wall and external genitalia, a condition known medically as vulvovaginitis. Yeast infections are very common. Yeast infections are not sexually transmitted.
Risk factors for yeast infections include taking antibiotics, the hormone changes around one's period, birth control pills, and very tight, wet, nylon clothing.
Signs & Symptoms
- Itching and burning of the vagina or vulva (skin surrounding the vagina)
- Redness and swelling of the vagina or vulva
- Possible burning during urination due to the irritated vulva
- Pain during intercourse
- White, thick or curd-like discharge may be present
- Keep external genitalia clean and dry
- Wear cotton underwear and loose fitting clothing. Avoid pantyhose.
- Change from wet bathing suits/athletic clothing as soon as possible
- Wipe from front to back after using the toilet
- Avoid douching
- Avoid harsh soap, bubble baths, perfumed feminine hygiene products
- A one time antifungal pill taken orally. This is a prescription medication.
- There are several non-prescription creams or suppositories placed in the vagina by special applicator. These medications are usually placed at bedtime for 3-7 nights.
How We Can Help
- If you would like to be seen by our medical staff, please contact our Appointment Desk to schedule an appointment.
- Also, our Advice Nurse service is available at no charge for all UC Davis students to discuss health concerns and the need for medical care.