Overview of Intrauterine Device (IUD)
The IUD is a small T-shaped plastic device placed directly into the uterus. Three types of IUDs are now available in the U.S. The ParaGard IUD contains copper and can be left in place for up to 10 years. The Mirena IUD contains the hormone progestin and can be left in place for up to 7 years. The Kyleena IUD contains progesterone and can be left in place 5 years. A health care provider inserts the IUD in the office and there typically is some cramping. This method is completely reversible at any time. ParaGard is effective immediately after insertion. Mirena and Kyleena require a back-up method for one week.
How It Works
The IUD works primarily by preventing fertilization of the egg. IUDs affect the way the sperm or egg move. The progestin in the Mirena and Kyleena also thickens the cervical mucus. The copper in the ParaGard impairs sperm function.
99.8% (Typical and Perfect)
- Highly effective
- Very safe
- The ParaGard IUD contains no hormones (effective for 10 years)
- The Mirena IUD contains no estrogen (effective for 7 years)
- The Kyleena IUD contains no estrogen (effective for 5 years)
- Does not interfere with sex
- The Mirena and Kyleena IUDs can decrease menstrual bleeding
- Some people experience heavier and longer menstrual bleeding and cramping with the ParaGard IUD and this usually decreases by 3-6 cycles
- Irregular bleeding in early months with Mirena and Kyleena (not common with Paragaurd)
- Cramping and pain at insertion (lasts about 10-15 minutes)
- There is a 2-10% chance of expelling the IUD in the first year
- No protection from sexually transmitted infections
Available at SHCS Medical Services, appointments with an SHCS provider are available for consultation, referral and insertion.
- Association of Reproductive Health Professionals (ARHP)
- Planned Parenthood
- American Sexual Health Association